The Russians have not yet tried the vaccine against coronavirus
The epidemic process is stabilizing, but more and more infected people are detected in rural areas
/NOVOSTIVL/ The Russians turned out to be one of the most skeptical inhabitants of the planet about their readiness to be vaccinated against COVID-19. This is evidenced by a study by the Association of Independent Research Agencies Gallup International.
In general, more than 50% of respondents in the world talk about potential consent to be vaccinated, in the Russian Federation - less than a third. Experts believe that there are a number of reasons for this reaction of Russians: mistrust of official information, lack of positive examples, and even a well-functioning healthcare system. At the same time, the director of VTsIOM, Konstantin Abramov, is confident that in February the number of people wishing to be vaccinated will grow to 50%.
In January 2021, Gallup International (the largest and most famous association of independent research agencies, uniting 55 companies and conducting surveys in almost 100 countries of the world) studied the level of support for vaccination by the population of 47 countries of the world: Russia, USA, Japan, Mexico, Spain, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Vietnam, India, Thailand, Kenya, Palestine, Kyrgyzstan, Great Britain, Ukraine and others. In total, 42,598 people over 18 were interviewed, of which 1,500 were in Russia. In the Romir holding (the exclusive representative of Gallup in the CIS), in Russia, “a personal survey covered identified respondents representing a full-fledged section of society”.
The study participants were asked: what do they think the majority of the population of their country will do if a new coronavirus vaccine becomes publicly available and is considered safe and effective, will they agree to vaccination or not?
The most confident were respondents in Vietnam (92%), Thailand (80%), India and South Korea (78% each), Argentina (77%), Indonesia (75%) and Malaysia (68%). 46% of US residents, 52% of Ukraine and 62% of Turkey answered the question in the affirmative. In general, 53% of the world's population expressed their consent. Moreover, in Russia - only 30%. Only North Macedonia (28%), Bosnia and Herzegovina (27%), Bulgaria (27%) turned out to be more pessimistic than our fellow citizens.
“Given your overall vaccination readiness, can you say that the global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has increased the likelihood that you will receive vaccinations, lower them, or no change?” - this was the second question. 41% of Russians (50% in the world) said that the pandemic has increased the willingness to vaccinate, while 21% of our compatriots believe that, on the contrary, it has decreased (in the world - 18%). 26% of Russian residents did not change their opinion on this score (in the world - 28%).
Respondents in different countries were also asked whether, in their opinion, the global coronavirus pandemic increased the likelihood of their fellow citizens getting vaccinated, reduced it or left it unchanged. As a result, 42% of Russians believe that compatriots are more likely to get vaccinated (in the world 55% of respondents are confident in their fellow citizens), 23% of Russians (20% in the world) said that this probability has decreased, 23% of Russians will not change their attitude to vaccinations (in the world - 20%). It should be noted that most of all residents of Vietnam (84%), Ecuador (70%), Iraq (67%) and Thailand (76%) are confident in the growth of such a probability.
According to Andrei Milekhin, vice-president of Gallup International, president of "Romir", "not everyone is ready to get vaccinated, although most earthlings plan to do it."
Mr. Milekhin notes the greatest activity in this matter among residents of Asian countries, "from where the virus began to spread": "And our compatriots are relatively more cautious."
The head of the Russian Direct Investment Fund, Kirill Dmitriev, promised that the results of the third phase of clinical trials of the Sputnik V vaccine (the lack of this information caused criticism) will be published in “one of the respected medical journals” next week. “A large number of people who are trying to portray Sputnik V negatively, in fact, already now cannot find arguments, - said Mr. Dmitriev. - And the last argument, believe me, will be when the publication appears in the magazine.”
Despite the future campaign to promote vaccination announced back in November 2020, it is still quite modest at the federal level (at least outside Moscow). From the speech of the Minister of Health Mikhail Murashko at the Federation Council the day before, one can assume why this is so. "Commercial" volumes of the Sputnik V vaccine came to the regions only in January 2021, obviously, the risks of popularizing vaccination in Russia now are the risks of local interruptions with the availability of the vaccine at certain points.
They can discredit the entire campaign. Medical institutions are clearly guided by the fact that practically everyone who comes to receive the vaccine - for this, there should not be too many applicants at the initial stage. According to the minister's presentation, as of January 20, six production sites producing Sputnik V produced 6.5 million doses (apparently both components) of the vaccine. Most of this vaccine has already been used in 2020 (mainly for vaccination of medical personnel) or exported.
In January 2021, 2.1 million doses of the drug are ready to be shipped to the regions of the Russian Federation, in February this figure will increase to 5.17 million doses. Vaccination figures in Moscow were published yesterday: a total of 220 thousand people were vaccinated, of which 50 thousand in 2020. If the volume of vaccination in Russia in February is indeed twice as high as in January, the peak of the "advertising campaign" of vaccination will probably be in the country at the end of February - beginning of March.
It should also be noted that in the fall-winter of 2020, the authorities in the Russian Federation made efforts comparable to the "coronavirus" efforts in advertising vaccination against influenza: huge funds (almost 15 billion rubles) were allocated for this vaccination, since the "overlap" of COVID-19 and influenza epidemics threatened the health care system is a huge problem. For the Russian Federation, the March-April indicators of trust or mistrust in vaccination against coronavirus will be important - only they will show to what extent the state, capable of producing a sufficient amount of its own vaccine, is able to convince citizens to use it.