Spoiled air will be considered in Russia
Registered methodology for assessing air pollution
/NOVOSTIVL/ A methodology for calculating harm in air pollution has been registered in Russia. The need for such an assessment has been discussed in the country for the past ten years, but its approval was hampered by pressure from business and critical attitude of the federal authorities.
The Ministry of Justice registered a methodology for calculating harm to air as a component of the environment. The algorithm developed by the Ministry of Natural Resources will calculate the damage caused by objects that have a negative impact on the environment of I, II, III categories. For each, the level of emissions of pollutants into the atmosphere from stationary sources has been established, and if the standard is exceeded, then the harm will be calculated by this method, the Ministry of Natural Resources explains.
We are talking about the sum of the mass products of pollutant emissions from stationary sources and taxes, to which various coefficients will be additionally applied. For example, a rate of 64.3 thousand rubles has been set for nitrogen dioxide. (for the emission of one ton of pollutant), benzopyrene - 19 million rubles, diethylmercury - 13.6 million rubles. The largest tax is provided for the emission of dioxins - 404 billion rubles. per ton. We are talking about compensation for damage in a claim procedure by a court decision.
"In the Moscow region there is a dump" Yadrovo ", which poisoned Volokolamsk, but it was impossible to find out the amount of damage to the air, - explains the work of the new method and. about. Elmurod Rasulmukhamedov, chairman of the All-Russian Society for Nature Conservation. “You could have called the police, they would have come, knocked at the gate, and the enterprise would have gone unpunished. Now we will be able to calculate how much gas comes out of the landfill, expose the damage and prove it in court. " Ivan Blokov from Greenpeace Russia also welcomes the emergence of the method. “But on the basis of what these rates were established, it is not clear to me - they do not fight either with the current rates of payment for these substances, or with their maximum permissible concentrations,” he adds.
Business new document is criticized. “In accordance with the new methodology, there is no need to carry out air quality analyzes in order to ascertain the damage to the air - the environmental damage is considered to have been caused regardless of the presence of any negative changes in the environment,” Gazprom Energoholding points out. for harm dissolves into the budget. The state that has received compensation is not obliged to spend these funds on the elimination of harm and does not do this, which directly contradicts the logic of law and common sense. "
“The method for air, like the already existing method for water, is of a fiscal and formal nature and does not correlate well with the actual state of the environment, since both methods do not take into account the assimilative ability of the environment to heal itself and are in no way connected with the assessment of the real costs required for physical (in-kind) compensation for damage, ”said the energy company Unipro (controlled by the German Uniper). They add that similar court practice on measuring water damage "shows its ambiguity and is usually associated with significant costs to prove innocence or reduce the amount of accrued damage."
Among industrialists, he also notes that this technique can be applied at a time when a company has expired an emission permit and has not yet received a new one. “Yesterday you were completely harmless, and with the expiration of the permit and in the absence of a new one, the entire volume of emissions can be declared above the standard and offered to compensate for the damage,” he complains. “If you take the enterprises that are the largest emitters of the amount of the tax from the order, it turns out that in the absence of permission, we will talk about payments equivalent to amounts from several million rubles to several hundred million rubles per day. "